Pillars of Faith

c_aqeedah

Module Information

Name of ClassPillars of Faith
Credit Hours3 Hours
Class DescriptionThis course covers the third Category of Tawheed: Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat, The significance of belief in revelation, Understanding belief in Destiny, Signs of the Last Day and the Day of Resurrection, Status of the Prophet’s Companions, Obedience to Rulers, and Abandonment of Deviants.
Instructor NameDr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips
Required Text– Bilal Philips, A Commentary on Ibn Qudaamah’s Radiance of Faith

– Bilal Philips, A Commentary on The Chapter on Qadar (A‘laam as-Sunnah of al-Hakamee)

Supplementary Text– ‘Abdullah Al-Athari, Islamic Beliefs,  Ibn Abil-‘Izz – Sharh al-‘Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah (Eng. Trans.)

– Umar al-Ashqar, Divine Will and Predestination

Objectives

  • To provide students with an opportunity to worship Almighty Allah through studying Tawheed
  • To enable the student to understand the rules governing the correct understanding of the Divine Names and Attributes of Allah.

  • To further develop the basic belief in revelation found in both the Qur’aan and Sunnah.

  • To develop the student’s basic knowledge of the Sixth Pillar of Faith: Belief in the Divine Destiny (Qadaa and Qadar).

  • To enable students to comprehend the significance of the Status of the Prophet’s Companions.

  • To teach students about the Fifth Pillar of Faith: Belief in the Last Day and its portents.

  • To clarify for students how they should relate to deviant sects and their beliefs.

Topics Covered

Ibn Qudaamah’s biography

Introduction to the subject of the text,

  • Maintaining Obvious Meanings of Divine Names,
  • Names Beautiful,
  • Names Not Limited,
  • Names Known by Revelation,
  • Names Refer to Attributes

Divine Attributes

  • Perfect,
  • Affirmative and Negative,
  • Personal and Consequential,
  • Refutation of Interpreters

The Basmalah,

  • meanings,
  • usages
  • significance;

Allah’s Wisdom manifest in His Creatures,

His Essence Unimaginable,

His Knowledge Complete,

Allah’s Mercy,

Allah the True Creator;

Belief in Verses and Hadeeths on Attributes,

Ta’weel,

  • Definition
  • Ruling Concerning Ta’weel,

Obscure Verses,

  • Definition
  • Ruling Concerning the Interpretation of Obscure Verses

Scholars’ statements regarding Allah’s Descent,

Seeing Allah,

Following the Sunnah of the Prophet (pbuh) and the Righteous Caliphs;

Refutation of Bid‘ah

Allah’s Coming, Pleasure, Love and Anger, Descent, Amazement, Laughing; 2 Types of Amazement, Nothing like – Negated Attribute,

Divine Transcendence,

  • Settling Above the Throne,
  • Reality of the Throne,
  • Positions of the Ash’arites,
  • Maatureedites and Kullaabites,
  • The 7 Sifaat ‘Aqliyyah,
  • Jahmites,

Attribute of Divine Speech,

  • Its Reality,
  • Evidences for in Qur’aan and Sunnah,
  • Position of the Jahmites, Mu’talizites and Ash’arites;
  • The Qur’aan as Divine Speech,
  • Ibn Qudaamah’s 6 Proofs;

Seeing Allah on the Day of Judgment,

  • evidences from Qur’aan and Sunnah,
  • Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) saw Allah?

Qadaa and Qadar,

  • Definitions
  • Positions of Jabrites and Qadarites,
  • 4 Levels of Belief in Qadar
  • The Creational Will and the Legal Wish,
  • The Protected Tablet,
  • Creation of the Pen,
  • Everything besides Allah is created,
  • the creation of human acts,
  • Evil from Allah Relative,
  • the good and evil of Qadar,
  • Creation of Iblees,
  • Consequence of destined misery or happiness,
  • Du’aa Changes Qadar,
  • Evidences from Hadeeth,
  • Meaning of changes in Qadar,
  • Qadar as Justification for Sin,
  • Evidences against.
  • Benefits of Belief in Qadar,
  • The Character built by Belief in Qadar,
  • Status of Qadar in Sharee‘ah

Definition of Eemaan,

  • Proof that it includes deeds,
  • Position of the Murji’ites;

Belief in what the Messenger (pbuh) conveyed,

  • Israa and Mi‘raaj,
  • Moses striking the Angel of Death
  • Signs of the Hour:
  • Dajjaal,
  • Eesaa,
  • Gog and Magog
  • The Beast,
  • Western Sunrise;
  • Punishment of the Grave,
  • Munkar and Nakeer,
  • Angel of Death,
  • Israafeel and Blowing the Horn
  • Resurrection,
  • Gathering,
  • Nakedness,
  • Standing,
  • Judgment,
  • Books of Deeds,
  • The Scale
  • The Pond: Description, Those Blocked – Companions – Shi’ite Claims;
  • The Bridge: Reality, Description
  • Prophet’s Intercession,
  • Intercession of Angels & Believers,
  • No Intercession for the Disbeliever
  • Paradise and Hell: Real, Already Created, Eternal,
  • Slaughter of the Death Ram;

Belief in the Messenger,

  • His Unique Characteristics,

His Companions are the Best,

  • Aboo Bakr, ‘Umar, Uthmaan & Ali, The Rightly Guided Caliphs
  • Hadeeths Concerning ‘Uthmaan and Ali,
  • Those Promised Paradise: The Ten and Others,
  • Loving the Prophet’s Companions including Mu’aawiyah,
  • The Wives of the Prophet (Peace be upon him)

Non-declaration of Muslims in Paradise or Hell,

Non-excommunication of a Muslim Due to Sin or deeds,

Hajj and Jihaad Continual Obligations,

Obedience to the Leader,

Prayer behind the Corrupt;

Obedience to the Rulers,

Boycotting People of Innovation,

Islamic and non-Islamic Sects,

Scholars of the Math’habs,

  • Reasons for their Differences,
  • Their Position regarding differences,
  • Taqleed,

Ibn Qudaamah’s closing Du’aa