History of Khulafa 1

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Module Information

Name of ClassHistory of Khulafa 1
Credit Hours3 Hours
Class DescriptionThis course covers the lifetime of the four rightly guided caliphs.  Lessons and morals from their lives are discussed
Instructor Name Dr. Muhammad Al Qahtani
Required Text1.The Biography of Abu Bakr by Dr. Ali Muhammad As-Sallaabee

 

2.The Biography of Umar by Dr. Ali Muhammad As-Sallaabee

 

3.The Biography of Uthman by Dr. Ali Muhammad As-Sallaabee

 

4.The Biography of Ali by Dr. Ali Muhammad As-Sallaabee

 

Plus notes provided on the student portal

 

Objectives

 

 

 

A. To give the student an overall view of the chronology of the events during the time of the 4 rightly guided caliphs.
B. To provide the student with a deep understanding of the characteristics and achievement of the 4 rightly guided caliphs.
C. To acquaint the student with the main Islamic themes that influenced the lives of the 4 rightly guided caliphs.

 

Topics Covered

 

Why We Study The History of the 4 Rightly Guided Caliphs
What’s So Special About The Companions
Muslims’ Creed With Respect To the Prophet’s SAAWS Companions
Abu Bakr: His Life Prior to the Advent of Islam – His life in Makkah
Migration to Abysenia- Helping the Prophet SAAWS preaching Arab tribes during Hajj season
Migration to Madeenah (The Hijrah)

Lessons Learned From The Hijrah

Abu Bakr The Khalifah
The courtyard of Banu Saa’idah
The General pledge of loyalty (Bai’at)
Abu Bakr Sermon
Ways For Choosing a Ruler
Some Ill-founded Tales

Taking Control of Affairs on the Domestic Front
Usamah’ Army
Emphasizing The etiquette of war in Islam

The War Against The Apostates
The Companions Stance Vis-à-vis the Apostates
The First Battle: Defending Madeenah

Preparing For an All-Out Assult

Collecting the Quran
The lessons and Morals of the Apostate Wars
What is the Purpose of Jihad
The Conquest of Iraq and Ash-Sham
Abu Bakr appoints Umar as his successor, and Abu Bakr’s death

 

Umar

Umar’s birth, family, and his life during the pre-Islamic days
The effect of Umar’s Islam, and the date of his entry into the fold of Islam
How Umar adhered closely to the company of the Messenger SAAWS

Umar’s Role During the Caliphate of Abu Bakr
Abu Bakr appointed Umar as his successor
Umar’s right to the Caliphate
The dating of the Muslim calendar and the title “the leader of the believers”
The More Salient of Umar’s qualities
Umar’s Respect and Love for the Members of the Prophet’s Household

Umar and spreading Islamic knowledge

Infrastructure development

Crisis Management

Introduction to political and civil administration

Sources of Government Revenue

The Muslim Treasury and the Establishment of Official Records

National Expenditures During the Era of ‘Umar’s Rule

National Expenditures During the Era of ‘Umar’s Rule continues

The Judicial Branch of Government: Umar’s Commands to Judges, The Appointment of Judges, Their Judicial Specialties, Their Qualities, and Their Responsibilities

The Judicial Branch of Government continues: Sources of judicial of rulings, Evidence on which the judge may depend

The Governorship: Nomination, The Qualification of a Governor, The Conditions Made by Umar for His Governors