Fiqh of Fasting & Hajj


Module Information

Name of ClassFiqh of Fasting & Hajj
Credit Hours3 Hours
Class DescriptionThis course goes over the basic rulings of  Fasting and Hajj along with their proofs, based on a well known Islamic text of Fiqh for beginner students, Fiqh us Sunnah, written by Sayyid Sabiq, may Allah have mercy on him, along with modern application of these rules
Instructor NameShaikh Asim Al-Hakeem
Required TextSayyed Sabiq, Fiqh-us-Sunnah,


  • To enable the students to worship Allah Almighty by Fasting and Hajj
  •  To understand the most important ruling regarding Fasting and Hajj, such that the student can know what do in any circumstance regarding these two great acts of worship.
  •  To be able to answer the questions of Muslims regarding rulings of Fasting and Hajj,, based on the Fiqh rulings that they have studied.
  •  To understand the proofs of the ruling mentioned by the author.
  •  To be able maximise one’s worship during Ramadan.
  •  Appreciating the wisdom behind various permissible and prohibited acts during Fasting and Hajj.

Topics Covered

 Fasting (As-siyam)

  • Definition
  • The Virtues of Fasting
  • Types of Fasting

◦      obligatory

◦      voluntary.

  • Obligatory Fasts

◦      The Virtues of Ramadan and the Deeds Done During It

◦      The Consequence of Breaking the Fast of Ramadan

◦      The Arrival of Ramadan

◦      Sighting of the crescent moon

◦      Different Locations

◦      Sighting of the Crescent by one Person

  • The Essential Elements of the Fast

◦      abstaining from acts that break the fast

◦      the intention

◦      who must fast

◦      the fast of the insane

◦      the fast of the young [non-adults]

◦      those who are permitted to break the fast, but who must pay a “ransom” for not fasting

  • Making up the Missed Days of Fasting

◦      Those who must make up the missed days

  • The Forbidden Days to Fast,

◦      the days of ‘id

◦      the days of tashreeq (three days following the ‘Id al-Azha)

◦      prohibited to single out Friday as a day of fasting

◦      prohibited to single out Saturday as a day of fasting

◦      on the “day of doubt”

◦      every day of the year

◦      woman to fast while her husband is present except with his permission

◦      consecutive days without eating at all [al-wisal]

  • Voluntary Fasts

◦      six days of the month of Shawwal

◦      The first ten days of Zhul-Hijjah, especially the day of Arafah, for those who are not performing the pilgrimage

◦      Fasting during the month of Muharram, especially the day of ‘Ashurah and the days immediately preceding and following it

◦      Fasting most of the month of Sha’ban (the month preceding Ramadan)

◦      Fasting during the “forbidden” months

◦      Fasting Mondays and Thursdays

◦      Fasting three days of every month

◦      Fasting one day and not fasting the next

  • It is permissible for one who is performing a voluntary fast to break his fast
  • Pre dawn meal and breaking the fast

◦      eating a pre-dawn meal

◦      what would fulfill the sunnah of eating a pre-dawn meal

◦      the time for the pre-dawn meal

◦     doubt concerning the time of fajr

◦      Hastening in breaking the fast

◦      Supplications while breaking the fast and while fasting

  • Refraining from performing any actions that do not befit the fasting
  • Permissible and impermissible actions while fatsing

◦      using the tooth stick [brush]

◦      Pouring water over one’s self and submersing one’s self in water

◦      applying kohl or eyedrops or anything else to the eyes

◦      kissing for one who has the ability to control himself

◦      any type of injection

◦      cupping to drain blood

◦      rinsing the mouth and nose

◦      Those things which one could not protect one’s self frorn, such as swallowing one’s saliva, the dust of the road, sifting flour and so on are all overlooked

◦      the fasting person can eat, drink, and perform sexual intercourse until fajr

◦      It is permissible for the fasting person to be sexually defiled in the morning (that is, a person is not required to perform ghusl before fajr)

◦      Menstruating or post-childbirth bleeding women

◦      Intentional eating or drinking

◦      intentional vomiting

◦      the menses and post-childbirth bleeding

◦      ejaculation of sperm

◦      Eating something that is not nourishing, such as salt

◦      If one has the intention, while he is fasting, to break the fast, he in effect voids the fast even if he does not actually eat anything

◦      If one eats, drinks, or has intercourse, thinking that the sun has set or that fajr has not occurred

◦      Unintentional mistakes

  • Whoever dies and still had some days of Ramadan to make up
  • Places where the day is extremely long and the night is short
  • Night of Qadr

◦      Its virtue

◦      it is preferred to seek this night

◦      which night is it?

◦      praying and making supplications during the night of qadr

  • I’tikaf,

◦      its legitimacy

◦      the different types of i’tikaf

◦      the length of i’tikaf

◦      the sunnah or preferred i’tikaf has no specific time limit

◦      the condition for i’tikaf

◦      the principles of i’tikaf

◦      The opinion of the jurists concerning the mosques in which the i’tikaf is to be performed

◦      the Beginning and Ending of i’tikaf

◦      Fasting while performing i’tikaf

◦      Permisible Acts for the Mu’takif

◦      Actions that Nullify the I’tikaf

◦      Making Up I’tikaf

◦      Retiring of the Mu’takif to the Mosque and Setting Up of a Tent

◦      Making a Vow to Perform I’tikaf in a Specific Mosque